Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing

Industries in the Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing subsector transform metal into intermediate or end products, other than machinery, computers and electronics, and metal furniture or treating metals and metal formed products fabricated elsewhere. Important fabricated metal processes are forging, stamping, bending, forming, and machining, used to shape individual pieces of metal; and other processes, such as welding and assembling, used to join separate parts together. Establishments in this subsector may use one of these processes or a combination of these processes.

The NAICS structure for this subsector distinguishes the forging and stamping processes in a single industry. The remaining industries, in the subsector, group establishments based on similar combinations of processes used to make products.

The manufacturing performed in the Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing subsector begins with manufactured metal shapes. The establishments in this sector further fabricate the purchased metal shapes into a product. For instance, the Spring and Wire Product Manufacturing industry starts with wire and fabricates such items.

Within manufacturing there are other establishments that make the same products made by this subsector; only these establishments begin production further back in the production process. These establishments have a more integrated operation. For instance, one establishment may manufacture steel, draw it into wire, and make wire products in the same establishment. Such operations are classified in the Primary Metal Manufacturing subsector.

3321 Forging and Stamping

33211 Forging and Stamping
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) manufacturing forgings from purchased metals; (2) manufacturing metal custom roll forming products; (3) manufacturing metal stamped and spun products (except automotive, cans, coins); and (4) manufacturing powder metallurgy products. Establishments making metal forgings, metal stampings, and metal spun products and further manufacturing (e.g., machining, assembling) a specific manufactured product are classified in the industry of the finished product. Metal forging, metal stamping, and metal spun products establishments may perform surface finishing operations, such as cleaning and deburring, on the products they manufacture.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in -

332111 Iron and Steel Forging
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing iron and steel forgings from purchased iron and steel by hammering mill shapes. Establishments making iron and steel forgings and further manufacturing (e.g., machining, assembling) a specific manufactured product are classified in the industry of the finished product. Iron and steel forging establishments may perform surface finishing operations, such as cleaning and deburring, on the forgings they manufacture.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

  • Manufacturing iron and steel forgings in integrated iron and steel mills - classified in U.S. Industry 331111, Iron and Steel Mills; and
  • Manufacturing nonferrous forgings - classified in U.S. Industry 332112, Nonferrous Forging.

332112 Nonferrous Forging
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nonferrous forgings from purchased nonferrous metals by hammering mill shapes. Establishments making nonferrous forgings and further manufacturing (e.g., machining, assembling) a specific manufactured product are classified in the industry of the finished product. Nonferrous forging establishments may perform surface finishing operations, such as cleaning and deburring, on the forgings they manufacture.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

  • Manufacturing iron and steel forgings - classified in U.S. Industry 332111, Iron and Steel Forging; and
  • Manufacturing nonferrous forgings in integrated primary or secondary nonferrous metal production facilities - classified in Subsector 331, Primary Metal Manufacturing.

332114 Custom Roll Forming
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in custom roll forming metal products by use of rotary motion of rolls with various contours to bend or shape the products.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332115 Crown and Closure Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in stamping metal crowns and closures, such as bottle caps and home canning lids and rings.


332116 Metal Stamping
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing unfinished metal stampings and spinning unfinished metal products (except crowns, cans, closures, automotive, and coins). Establishments making metal stampings and metal spun products and further manufacturing (e.g., machining, assembling) a specific product are classified in the industry of the finished product. Metal stamping and metal spun products establishments may perform surface finishing operations, such as cleaning and deburring, on the products they manufacture.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332117 Powder Metallurgy Part Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing powder metallurgy products by compacting them in a shaped die and sintering. Establishments in this industry generally make a wide range of parts on a job or order basis.


3322 Cutlery and Handtool Manufacturing

33221 Cutlery and Handtool Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) manufacturing nonprecious and precious plated metal cutlery and flatware; (2) manufacturing nonpowered hand and edge tools; (3) manufacturing nonpowered handsaws; (4) manufacturing saw blades, all types (including those for sawing machines); and (5) manufacturing metal kitchen utensils (except cutting-type) and pots and pans (except those manufactured by casting (e.g., cast iron skillets) or stamped without further fabrication).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

332211 Cutlery and Flatware (except Precious) Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nonprecious and precious plated metal cutlery and flatware.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332212 Hand and Edge Tool Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nonpowered hand and edge tools (except saws).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332213 Saw Blade and Handsaw Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) manufacturing nonpowered handsaws and/or (2) manufacturing saw blades, all types (including those for power sawing machines).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332214 Kitchen Utensil, Pot, and Pan Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal kitchen utensils (except cutting-type), pots, and pans (except those manufactured by casting (e.g., cast iron skillets) or stamped without further fabrication).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

  • Manufacturing finished cast metal kitchen utensils or castings for kitchen utensils - classified in Industry Group 3315, Foundries;
  • Manufacturing stampings for kitchen utensils, pots, and pans - classified in U.S. Industry 332116, Metal Stamping; and
  • Manufacturing metal cutting-type kitchen utensils - classified in U.S. Industry 332211, Cutlery and Flatware (except Precious) Manufacturing.

3323 Architectural and Structural Metals Manufacturing

33231 Plate Work and Fabricated Structural Product Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing one or more of the following: (1) prefabricated metal buildings, panels and sections; (2) structural metal products; and (3) metal plate work products.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

332311 Prefabricated Metal Building and Component Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prefabricated metal buildings, panels, and sections.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332312 Fabricated Structural Metal Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in fabricating structural metal products, such as concrete reinforcing bars and fabricated bar joists.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332313 Plate Work Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fabricated metal plate work by cutting, punching, bending, shaping, and welding purchased metal plate.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


33232 Ornamental and Architectural Metal Products Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing one or more of the following: (1) metal framed windows (i.e., typically using purchased glass) and metal doors; (2) sheet metal work; and (3) ornamental and architectural metal products.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

332321 Metal Window and Door Manufacturing

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal framed windows (i.e., typically using purchased glass) and metal doors. Examples of products made by these establishments are metal door frames; metal framed window and door screens; and metal molding and trim (except automotive).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332322 Sheet Metal Work Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing sheet metal work (except stampings).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332323 Ornamental and Architectural Metal Work Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ornamental and architectural metal work, such as staircases, metal open steel flooring, fire escapes, railings, and scaffolding.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


3324 Boiler, Tank, and Shipping Container Manufacturing

33241 Power Boiler and Heat Exchanger Manufacturing
See industry description for 332410 below.

332410 Power Boiler and Heat Exchanger Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing power boilers and heat exchangers. Establishments in this industry may perform installation in addition to manufacturing power boilers and heat exchangers.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


33242 Metal Tank (Heavy Gauge) Manufacturing
See industry description for 332420 below.

332420 Metal Tank (Heavy Gauge) Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting, forming, and joining heavy gauge metal to manufacture tanks, vessels, and other containers.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


33243 Metal Can, Box, and Other Metal Container (Light Gauge) Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in forming light gauge metal containers.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

332431 Metal Can Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal cans, lids, and ends.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332439 Other Metal Container Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal (light gauge) containers (except cans).

Illustrative Examples:
Light gauge metal bins manufacturing; Light gauge metal tool boxes manufacturing; Light gauge metal drums manufacturing; Light gauge metal vats manufacturing; Light gauge metal garbage cans manufacturing; Metal air cargo containers manufacturing; Light gauge metal lunch boxes manufacturing; Metal barrels manufacturing; Light gauge metal mailboxes manufacturing; Vacuum bottles and jugs manufacturing.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


3325 Hardware Manufacturing

33251 Hardware Manufacturing
See industry description for 332510 below.

332510 Hardware Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal hardware, such as metal hinges, metal handles, keys, and locks (except coin-operated, time locks).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


3326 Spring and Wire Product Manufacturing

33261 Spring and Wire Product Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) manufacturing steel springs by forming, such as cutting, bending, and heat winding, metal rod or strip stock and/or (2) manufacturing wire springs and fabricated wire products from wire drawn elsewhere (except watch and clock springs).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

332611 Spring (Heavy Gauge) Manufacturing

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy gauge springs by forming, such as cutting, bending, and heat winding, rod or strip stock.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332612 Spring (Light Gauge) Manufacturing

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing light gauge springs from purchased wire or strip.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332618 Other Fabricated Wire Product Manufacturing

This U.S.industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fabricated wire products (except springs) made from purchased wire.

Illustrative Examples:
Barbed wire made from purchased wire; Noninsulated wire cable made from purchased wire; Chain link fencing and fence gates made from purchased wire; Paper clips made from purchased wire; Metal baskets made from purchased wire; Woven wire cloth made from purchased wire; Nails, brads, and staples made from purchased wire.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


3327 Machine Shops; Turned Product; and Screw, Nut, and Bolt Manufacturing

33271 Machine Shops
See industry description for 332710 below.

332710 Machine Shops
This industry comprises establishments, known as machine shops primarily engaged in machining metal parts on a job or order basis. Generally machine shop jobs are low volume using machine tools, such as lathes (including computer numerically controlled); automatic screw machines; and machines for boring, grinding, and milling.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


33272 Turned Product and Screw, Nut, and Bolt Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) machining precision turned products or (2) manufacturing metal bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and other industrial fasteners. Included in this industry are establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing parts for machinery and equipment on a customized basis.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

332721 Precision Turned Product Manufacturing

This U.S. industry comprises establishments known as precision turned manufacturers primarily engaged in machining precision products of all materials on a job or order basis. Generally precision turned product jobs are large volume using machines, such as automatic screw machines, rotary transfer machines, computer numerically controlled (CNC) lathes, or turning centers.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

  • Manufacturing metal bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, washers, and other industrial fasteners on machines, such as headers, threaders, and nut forming machines - classified in U.S. Industry 332722, Bolt, Nut, Screw, Rivet, and Washer Manufacturing.

332722 Bolt, Nut, Screw, Rivet, and Washer Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers, and other industrial fasteners using machines, such as headers, threaders, and nut forming machines.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


3328 Coating, Engraving, Heat Treating, and Allied Activities

33281 Coating, Engraving, Heat Treating, and Allied Activities

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) heat treating metals and metal products; (2) enameling, lacquering, and varnishing metals and metal products; (3) hot dip galvanizing metals and metal products; (4) engraving, chasing, or etching metals and metal products (except jewelry; personal goods carried on or about the person, such as compacts and cigarette cases; precious metal products (except precious plated flatware and other plated ware); and printing plates); (5) powder coating metals and metal products; (6) electroplating, plating, anodizing, coloring, and finishing metals and metal products; and (7) providing other metal surfacing services for the trade. Establishments in this industry coat engravings and heat treat metals and metal formed products fabricated elsewhere.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

  • Engraving, chasing or etching jewelry, metal personal goods, or precious (except precious plated) metal flatware and other plated ware - classified in Industry 33991, Jewelry and Silverware Manufacturing;
  • Engraving, chasing or etching printing plates - classified in Industry 32312, Support Activities for Printing; and
  • Both fabricating and coating, engraving, and heat treating metals and metal products - classified in manufacturing according to the product made.

332811 Metal Heat Treating

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in heat treating, such as annealing, tempering, and brazing, metals and metal products for the trade.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

  • Both fabricating and heat treating metal products - classified in the Manufacturing sector according to the product made.

332812 Metal Coating, Engraving (except Jewelry and Silverware), and Allied Services to Manufacturers
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) enameling, lacquering, and varnishing metals and metal products; (2) hot dip galvanizing metals and metal products; (3) engraving, chasing, or etching metals and metal products (except jewelry; personal goods carried on or about the person, such as compacts and cigarette cases; precious metal products (except precious plated flatware and other plated ware); and printing plates); (4) powder coating metals and metal products; and (5) providing other metal surfacing services for the trade.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

  • Both fabricating and coating and engraving products - classified in the Manufacturing sector according to the product made;
  • Engraving, chasing or etching jewelry, metal personal goods, or precious metal products (except precious plated metal flatware and other plated ware) - classified in Industry 33991, Jewelry and Silverware Manufacturing; and
  • Engraving, chasing or etching printing plates - classified in U.S. Industry 323122, Prepress Services.

332813 Electroplating, Plating, Polishing, Anodizing, and Coloring
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in electroplating, plating, anodizing, coloring, buffing, polishing, cleaning, and sandblasting metals and metal products for the trade.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

  • Both fabricating and electroplating, plating, polishing, anodizing, and coloring products - classified in the Manufacturing sector according to the product made.

3329 Other Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fabricated metal products (except forgings and stampings, cutlery and handtools, architectural and structural metals, boilers, tanks, shipping containers, hardware, spring and wire products, machine shop products, turned products, screws, and nuts and bolts).

33291 Metal Valve Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing one or more of the following metal valves: (1) industrial valves; (2) fluid power valves and hose fittings; (3) plumbing fixture fittings and trim; and (4) other metal valves and pipe fittings.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

332911 Industrial Valve Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial valves and valves for water works and municipal water systems.

Illustrative Examples:
Complete fire hydrants manufacturing; Industrial-type globe valves manufacturing; Industrial-type ball valves manufacturing; Industrial-type plug valves manufacturing; Industrial-type butterfly valves manufacturing; Industrial-type solenoid valves (except fluid power) manufacturing; Industrial-type check valves manufacturing; Industrial-type steam traps manufacturing; Industrial-type gate valves manufacturing; Valves for nuclear applications manufacturing.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332912 Fluid Power Valve and Hose Fitting Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fluid power valves and hose fittings.

Illustrative Examples:
Fluid power aircraft subassemblies; Hydraulic and pneumatic hose and tube fittings; Hose assemblies for fluid power systems; Hydraulic and pneumatic valves.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332913 Plumbing Fixture Fitting and Trim Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal and plastics plumbing fixture fittings and trim, such as faucets, flush valves, and shower heads.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332919 Other Metal Valve and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal valves (except industrial valves, fluid power valves, fluid power hose fittings, and plumbing fixture fittings and trim).

Illustrative Examples:
Aerosol valves manufacturing; Metal hose couplings (except fluid power) manufacturing; Firefighting nozzles manufacturing; Metal pipe flanges and flange unions manufacturing; Lawn hose nozzles manufacturing; Plumbing and heating in-line valves (e.g., check, cutoff, stop) manufacturing; Lawn sprinklers manufacturing; Water traps manufacturing.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


33299 All Other Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fabricated metal products (except forgings and stampings, cutlery and handtools, architectural and structural metal products, boilers, tanks, shipping containers, hardware, spring and wire products, machine shop products, turned products, screws, nuts and bolts, and metal valves).

Illustrative Examples:
Ammunition manufacturing; Industrial pattern manufacturing; Ball and roller bearing manufacturing; Metal safes manufacturing; Enameled iron and metal sanitary ware manufacturing; Portable metal ladder manufacturing; Fabricated pipe and pipe fittings made from purchased metal pipe; Small arms and other ordnance manufacturing; Foil container (except bags) manufacturing; Steel wool manufacturing.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

332991 Ball and Roller Bearing Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ball and roller bearings of all materials.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332992 Small Arms Ammunition Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing small arms ammunition.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332993 Ammunition (except Small Arms) Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ammunition (except small arms). Examples of products made by these establishments are bombs, depth charges, rockets (except guided missiles), grenades, mines, and torpedoes.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332994 Small Arms Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing small firearms that are carried and fired by the individual.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332995 Other Ordnance and Accessories Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ordnance (except small arms) and accessories.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332996 Fabricated Pipe and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in fabricating, such as cutting, threading and bending metal pipes and pipe fittings made from purchased metal pipe.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332997 Industrial Pattern Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial patterns.


332998 Enameled Iron and Metal Sanitary Ware Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing enameled iron and metal sanitary ware.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in


332999 All Other Miscellaneous Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fabricated metal products (except forgings and stampings, cutlery and handtools, architectural and structural metals, boilers, tanks, shipping containers, hardware, spring and wire products, machine shop products, turned products, screws, nuts and bolts, metal valves, ball and roller bearings, ammunition, small arms and other ordnances, fabricated pipes and pipe fittings, industrial patterns, and enameled iron and metal sanitary ware).

Illustrative Examples:
Foil containers (except bags) manufacturing; Metal safes manufacturing; Metal hair curlers manufacturing; Metal vaults (except burial) manufacturing; Metal ironing boards manufacturing; Permanent metallic magnets manufacturing; Metal pallets manufacturing; Portable metal ladders manufacturing; Metal pipe hangers and supports manufacturing; Steel wool manufacturing.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in

 

Information courtesy of the U.S. Census Bureau.