The leisure and hospitality supersector is made up of two parts: the arts, entertainment, and recreation sector (sector 71), and the accommodation and food services sector (sector 72).
The arts, entertainment, and recreation sector includes a wide range of establishments that operate facilities or provide services to meet varied cultural, entertainment, and recreational interests of their patrons. This sector comprises
(1) establishments that are involved in producing, promoting, or participating in live performances, events, or exhibits intended for public viewing;
(2) establishments that preserve and exhibit objects and sites of historical, cultural, or educational interest; and
(3) establishments that operate facilities or provide services that enable patrons to participate in recreational activities or pursue amusement, hobby, and leisure-time interests.
The accommodation and food services sector comprises establishments providing customers with lodging and/or preparing meals, snacks, and beverages for immediate consumption. The sector includes both accommodation and food services establishments because the two activities are often combined at the same establishment.
Data from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program show that, in the economy as a whole:
arts, entertainment, and recreation represents about 1.4 percent of all employment and about 1.3 percent of all establishments;
accommodation and food services makes up about 8.0 percent of all employment and is about 6.7 percent of all establishments.
Current Employment Statistics estimates for the 1994 - 2003 period show annual average Leisure and hospitality employment at 10,100,000 at the beginning of the period, and at an all-time high of 12,125,000 in 2003.
Average annual employment of nonsupervisory workers in leisure and hospitality was 8,979,000 in 1994; in 2003 employment of nonsupervisory workers in leisure and hospitality was 10,626,000, on average.
The annual average of the average weekly hours of nonsupervisory workers in leisure and hospitality was 25.6 in 2003, well below the average of 33.7 for production and nonsupervisory workers in all private industry.
The average hourly earnings of nonsupervisory workers in leisure and hospitality were $8.76. in 2003; the average hourly earnings were $15.35 for production and nonsupervisory workers in all private industry.
According to the Current Population Survey, in 2003 the unemployment rate of persons most recently employed in leisure and hospitality was 8.7 percent, which was well above the overall unemployment rate of 6.0 percent in 2003.
Data from the >Mass Layoff Statistics program show that in 2002
in arts, entertainment, and recreation, there were 124 extended mass layoff events, resulting in 46,117 separations of workers from their jobs, and 15,026 initial claimants for unemployment insurance;
in accommodation and food services, there were 244 extended mass layoff events, 50,362 separations, and 44,099 initial claimants.
Employment Projections data indicate that leisure and hospitality employment will increase 17.8 percent over the 2002-12 period. Total employment for all industry sectors is projected to increase 14.8 percent.
The Productivity and Costs program publishes estimates of labor productivity for selected leisure and hospitality industries.
The Producer Price Index program publishes data for several accommodation industries.
In 2003, there were 274 fatal occupational injuries in leisure and hospitality and 411,000 nonfatal injuries and illnesses, according to data from the Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities program. The nonfatal injuries and illnesses incidence rate was 5.1 per 100 full-time workers in leisure and hospitality and 5.0 per 100 full-time workers in all private industry.
Some businesses in this industry are:
Information courtesy of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.